Best Pronunciation Tips
Stress: Stress means an extra force used when pronouncing a particular word or syllable. Stress can be divided into two:
1. Word stress 2. Sentence stress
What is word Stress: When a word has more then are syllable one of them in pronounced with more force the rest. This force is regarded as word stress.
Characteristics of stress: 1. Loudness 2. Length 3. Pitch change
Types of word stress: There are mainly two types of stress.
a. Primary stress b. Secondary stress
Note: Primary stress is important, but Secondary stress is less important.
How to find out stress:
Rules 1: Shewa never appears within a stressed syllable, as it is unstressed by nature.
Rules 2 : Every monosyllabic word is stressed but no stress mark is given on it.
Rules 3: Most of the common two syllable nouns and adjectives have stress on the first syllable.
Rules 4: Words that can be used wither as a noun or a verb has two types of stresses.
A noun has stress or the first syllable.
A verb has stress on the second syllable.
Example: Police , to police
Rules 5 : In two syllable verbs, stress is always on the strong syllable.
Initial position: Centre, equal, open
Final position: assist aback, arrive
Rules 6: In three syllable verbs, if the final syllable is strong then it will be stressed e.g. entertain, ascertain.
Rules 7: In abbreviations the first letter contains secondary stress and the last one contains primary stress.
e.g. S.S.C – Secondary school certificate
H.S.C – Higher secondary certificate
BBA – Bachelor of Business administration
MBA – Master of Business Administration
B.BC – British Broadcasting Corporation
C.N.N – Cable news network
Rules 8: Acronym always takes primary stress on the first syllable.
e.g. IELTS – International English language Testing system
TOEFL – Test of English as a foreign Language
TESOL – Teaching English to Speakers of Other Language
Rules 9: Acronym always takes primary stress on the first syllable.
Rules 10: Acronym always takes primary stress on the first syllable.
There are two type of words :
i) Content Words
ii) Structure Words
Utter more clearly
Use weak forms
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